Types Of Bias In Hiring

Great teams start with great interviews.

By recording live interviews, our platform harnesses the power of artificial intelligence to help teams run a faster, better interview process.

Request a Demo

Types Of Bias In Hiring

Unconscious bias in the workplace is a topic of much concern in the HR world today, in 2023 and beyond. For the past few years, human resources teams have been offering unconscious bias training to employees and hiring teams in an attempt to offset some of these concerns that have been permeating hiring for a long time. There are several types of bias in hiring that hiring teams need to be aware of, and it’s necessary to understand what it is to understand how to avoid it. It can also be helpful to know what tools can be utilized to minimize bias, such as interview intelligence software that gives you tools to increase fairness. 

Unconscious bias in hiring refers to the unintentional and automatic prejudices or preconceived judgments that people hold about candidates based on their personal characteristics, such as gender, race, age, sexual orientation, or other factors. These biases can influence decision-makers during the recruitment and selection process, leading to discrimination or unfair treatment of candidates.

Unconscious bias is what it is called: unconscious. But this means that it is even more important to make oneself aware of it in order to avoid it. Unconscious bias operates at a subconscious level, meaning that those who hold these biases are often unaware of them. They can affect various aspects of the hiring process, including candidate evaluation, interview questions, and overall decision-making. Unconscious bias in hiring can result in the exclusion of qualified individuals or the preference for certain groups based on stereotypes or personal preferences, rather than objective criteria relevant to the job.

Recognizing and mitigating unconscious bias is essential for creating a fair and inclusive hiring process that ensures equal opportunities for all candidates, regardless of their background or personal characteristics. Employers can implement strategies and training programs to raise awareness about unconscious bias and reduce its impact on the hiring process. Read on for more unconscious bias in recruitment examples and how to reduce this issue in your own hiring processes. 

Unconscious Bias Interview Examples

In recent years it’s become even more important than ever to ensure that unconscious bias is eliminated from the hiring process. Hiring managers are searching for information on how to avoid unconscious bias in recruitment and want to see real-life examples of unconscious bias so they know how to avoid it. 

Unconscious bias can manifest in various real-life scenarios, often affecting decisions, behaviors, and perceptions in subtle and unintentional ways. Here are some real-life examples of unconscious bias:

1. Hiring Bias: A hiring manager might unconsciously favor a job applicant with a name that sounds familiar or is similar to their own, even though this has no bearing on the candidate's qualifications.
2. Gender Bias:
A teacher may give more attention to male students in a classroom discussion or call on them more frequently, while female students' contributions are overlooked.
3. Racial Bias:
A store employee may unconsciously follow and monitor customers from certain racial or ethnic backgrounds, assuming they are more likely to shoplift.
4. Age Bias:
A manager might hesitate to promote an older employee, assuming they may not be as adaptable to new technologies or less likely to have long-term career aspirations.
5. Confirmation Bias:
People tend to seek or interpret information in ways that confirm their existing beliefs. For example, someone who holds a political bias may dismiss opposing viewpoints as unreliable.
6. Affinity Bias:
Team members may prefer working with colleagues who share similar backgrounds, interests, or social circles, even if other team members have more relevant expertise.
7. Appearance Bias:
A well-dressed and conventionally attractive candidate may be perceived as more competent than one with a different appearance, even if their qualifications are the same.
8. Stereotype Bias:
A person might unconsciously associate specific stereotypes with certain groups, leading to different expectations and treatment. For instance, assuming that all women are nurturing and should pursue careers in caregiving roles.
9. Language Bias:
People may unconsciously give preference to individuals who speak a certain language or dialect, perceiving them as more educated or competent.
10. Class Bias:
A service provider might offer better treatment and service to customers who appear wealthy or upper-class while being dismissive or less accommodating to those from different socioeconomic backgrounds.

Unconscious bias can be challenging to recognize because it operates beneath our conscious awareness. However, understanding these examples can help individuals and organizations become more aware of their own biases and work toward creating fairer and more inclusive environments. Training, education, and self-reflection are essential steps in mitigating unconscious bias in various aspects of life.

Bias In Hiring Process

Many human resources teams have begun implementing unconscious bias in recruitment training to help raise awareness within their teams. It has become more of an important topic in recruitment as the awareness of the issue has grown and hiring managers are working hard to ensure that their candidates are not experiencing bias in the hiring process. What does this training consist of?

Unconscious bias in recruitment training refers to programs and initiatives aimed at educating individuals involved in the hiring process about the existence, impact, and mitigation of unconscious bias in hiring. These training sessions are designed to help recruiters, hiring managers, and other personnel involved in recruitment become more aware of their own biases and provide strategies to make the hiring process more fair, inclusive, and objective.

Key components of unconscious bias in recruitment training may include:

1. Awareness Building: Training often begins with raising awareness about the concept of unconscious bias. Participants learn that everyone has biases, and these biases can influence decisions, including those related to recruitment.
2. Understanding the Impact:
Participants learn about how unconscious bias can impact the recruitment process, leading to discrimination, unfair treatment, and a lack of diversity in the workforce.
3. Recognizing Bias:
Training helps individuals recognize common forms of bias, such as gender bias, racial bias, age bias, and affinity bias, and how these can manifest during candidate evaluation and selection.
4. Mitigation Strategies:
Participants are provided with strategies to mitigate unconscious bias, such as structured interviews, diverse interview panels, blind resume reviews, and using objective criteria to assess candidates.
5. Cultural Competency:
Training may include education on cultural competency and sensitivity, helping participants better understand candidates from different backgrounds and experiences.
6. Feedback and Self-Reflection:
Training often encourages individuals to reflect on their own biases and provides opportunities for feedback and discussion.
7. Inclusive Language:
Promoting the use of inclusive language in job descriptions, interviews, and other recruitment materials to attract a more diverse candidate pool.
8. Measuring and Monitoring Progress:
Training programs often emphasize the importance of ongoing measurement and monitoring to ensure that changes are being made and that the recruitment process is becoming more inclusive over time.

Unconscious bias in recruitment training is an essential step toward creating a more diverse and equitable workforce. By educating those involved in the hiring process and providing them with tools to recognize and address their own biases, organizations can work to ensure that candidates are evaluated based on their qualifications, skills, and experience rather than characteristics outside of their control.

Bias In Recruitment And Selection

It’s important to keep in mind that there are different types of bias in recruitment that hiring teams need to be aware of in order to avoid. There may be some repeat in the following list from above, but some times of hiring biases that candidates may encounter in the process of recruitment and selection may be: 

1. Gender Bias: This occurs when candidates are favored or discriminated against based on their gender. For example, assuming that a male candidate is more suitable for a leadership position than a female candidate.
2. Racial Bias:
Candidates may face discrimination based on their racial or ethnic background. For instance, giving preference to candidates of one race while overlooking equally or more qualified candidates of another race.
3. Age Bias:
Age-related bias can lead to the preference of younger candidates over older ones, or vice versa. This can impact hiring decisions based on assumptions about adaptability or experience.
4. Confirmation Bias:
This occurs when an interviewer unconsciously seeks information that confirms their preconceived notions about a candidate, rather than making an objective evaluation.
5. Affinity Bias:
Interviewers may favor candidates who share similar backgrounds, experiences, or interests. This bias can lead to a lack of diversity in the workforce.
6. Appearance Bias:
Candidates may be judged based on their physical appearance, including clothing, grooming, and overall presentation. This can lead to biases in favor of conventionally attractive candidates.
7. Stereotype Bias:
Stereotypes about certain groups can affect hiring decisions. For example, assuming that individuals from certain backgrounds are more suited for specific roles due to preconceived notions.
8. Language Bias:
Favoring candidates who speak a specific language or dialect can lead to biases based on linguistic proficiency, even when language skills are not directly related to the job.
9. Class Bias:
Discrimination based on socioeconomic status can affect hiring decisions, leading to preference for candidates who appear more privileged or wealthy.
10. Location Bias:
Candidates from certain geographic regions may be favored over others, leading to regionalism in hiring decisions.
11. Educational Bias:
Overemphasizing the importance of a candidate's alma mater or educational background can lead to biases in favor of candidates from prestigious institutions.
12. Personality Bias:
Some interviewers may prefer candidates with specific personality traits, leading to biases against those with different personality styles.
13. Name Bias:
Candidates with names that are considered unusual or difficult to pronounce may face discrimination in the hiring process.
14. Networking Bias:
Focusing on candidates who have personal connections or referrals within the company can lead to the exclusion of equally qualified individuals.
15. Availability Bias:
Preferring candidates who are readily available or local, which can result in overlooking qualified candidates who are willing to relocate.

Recognizing and addressing these biases is crucial for creating a fair and inclusive hiring process. 

How To Reduce Bias In Hiring Process

Once your teams have completed training, you will all be better equipped to understand how to reduce bias in the hiring process. If your company uses interview intelligence software, you can use your programming to give you additional tools for how to avoid bias in interviews as well. Ensure that your questions are bias-free and make judgments about your candidates’ responses to questions based on the quality of the information they share rather than personal opinions. It can be helpful to use interview intelligence software to instantly “grade” an answer that is received because it has been shown that people are more likely to have a biased opinion about their candidate’s responses to questions if they “like” the person, or “relate” to them because of similarities (background, appearance, race, etc.) In short, interview intelligence software can be an excellent tool for helping your team avoid bias in interviews and conduct a fairer hiring process. 

What kinds of bias training do you offer your employees? Have you noticed a difference in your recruitment since implementing this training?